Introduction to Public Participation in Science

A basic bibliography of twelve monographs and edited volumes which constitute essential readings for anyone interested in understanding the the transformations of public participation in science.

Bowler, Peter J. Science for All: The Popularization of Science in Early Twentieth-Century Britain. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.
Brabham, Daren C. Crowdsourcing. The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series. Cambridge, Massachusetts ; London, England: The MIT Press, 2013.
Chilvers, Jason, and Matthew Kearnes. Remaking Participation: Science, Environment and Emergent Publics. Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY: Routledge, 2015.
Delfanti, Alessandro. Biohackers: The Politics of Open Science. Pluto Press, 2013.
Hackett, Edward J., and Society for Social Studies of Science, eds. The Handbook of Science and Technology Studies. 3rd ed. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press ; Published in cooperation with the Society for the Social Studies of Science, 2008.
Jasanoff, Sheila, ed. States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of Science and Social Order. Transferred to digital print. International Library of Sociology. London: Routledge, 2010.
Maasen, Sabine, and Peter Weingart, eds. Democratization of Expertise?: Exploring Novel Forms of Scientific Advice in Political Decision-Making. Sociology of the Sciences : A Yearbook. Dordrecht ; London: Springer, 2008.
Moore, Kelly. Disrupting Science: Social Movements, American Scientists, and the Politics of the Military, 1945-1975. Princeton Studies in Cultural Sociology. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008.
Sismondo, Sergio. An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies. 2nd ed. Chichester, West Sussex, U.K. ; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
Turner, Fred. From Counterculture to Cyberculture: Stewart Brand, the Whole Earth Network, and the Rise of Digital Utopianism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2006.

Action Research

Brock, Karen, and Rosemary McGee, eds. Knowing Poverty: Critical Reflections on Participatory Research and Policy. Earthscan, 2012.
Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. 30th anniversary ed. New York: Continuum, 2000.
Gutberlet, Jutta, Cystal Tremblay, and Carmen Moraes. “The Community-Based Research Tradition in Latin America.” In Higher Education and Community-Based Research, edited by Ronaldo Munck, Lorraine McIlrath, Budd Hall, and Rajesh Tandon, 167–80. Palgrave Macmillan US, 2014.
Kindon, Sara, Rachel Pain, and Mike Kesby, eds. Participatory Action Research Approaches and Methods: Connecting People, Participation and Place. Reissue edition. Routledge, 2010.
Lewin, Kurt. “Action Research and Minority Problems.” Journal of Social Issues 2, no. 4 (1946): 34–46.

Amateurs and Professionals

It is often said that the citizen sciences shift the boundaries between professionals, experts, amateurs and lay people. To understand, confirm or contradict this statement, we must know what it means to be a “professional”, “expert”, “amateur” orlayman” in science.  A first step could be a look into the history of the emergence, transformation and power of social roles in science. The following literature shows how heterogeneous the roles were conceptualized in the past. What can we learn from it for today’s discourse about the citizen sciences?

Alberti, Samuel JMM. “Amateurs and Professionals in One County: Biology and Natural History in Late Victorian Yorkshire.” Journal of the History of Biology 34, no. 1 (2001): 115–147.
Allen, David Elliston. “Amateurs and Professionals,” 15–33, 2009.
Barrow, Mark V. A Passion for Birds: American Ornithology after Audubon. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1998.
Charvolin, Florian, André Micoud, and Lynn K. Nyhart. “La Nature Des Profanes: Pour Une Autre Approche de l’amateur.” In Des Sciences Citoyennes ? La Question de l’amateur Dans Les Sciences Naturalistes, edited by Florian Charvolin, André Micoud, and Lynn K. Nyhart, 7–15. La Tour d’Aigues: Ed. de l’Aube, 2007.
Bont, Raf de. “Poetry and Precision: Johannes Thienemann, the Bird Observatory in Rossitten and Civic Ornithology, 1900–1930.” Journal of the History of Biology 44, no. 2 (2011): 171–203.
Flichy, Patrice. Le Sacre de l’amateur: Sociologie Des Passions Ordinaires à l’ère Numérique. La République Des Idées. Paris: Seuil, 2010.
Jacobs, Nancy J. “The Intimate Politics of Ornithology in Colonial Africa.” Comparative Studies in Society and History 48, no. 03 (2006): 564–603.
Kelty, Christopher M. “Outlaw, Hackers, Victorian Amateurs: Diagnosing Public Participation in the Life Sciences Today.” Jcom 9, no. 1 (2010).
Kohlstedt, Sally Gregory. “The Ninetheenth-Century Amateur Tradition: The Case of the Boston Society of Natural History.” In Science and Its Public: The Changing Relationship. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 33. Dordrecht: Reidel, 1976.
Nyhart, Lynn K. “Civic and Economic Zoology in Nineteenth-Century Germany. The ‘Living Communities’ of Karl Möbius.” ISIS 89 (1998): 605–30.
Secord, Anne. “Corresponding Interests: Artisans and Gentlemen in Nineteenth-Century Natural History.” The British Journal for the History of Science 27, no. 4 (1994): 383–408.

Expertise and State

Ash, Eric H. “Introduction: Expertise and the Early Modern State.” Osiris 25, no. 1 (2010): 1–24.
Mitchell, Timothy. Rule of Experts: Egypt, Techno-Politics, Modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.
Scott, James C. Seeing like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed. Yale University Press, 1998.

Expertise in Sociology

Collins, Harry M. Are We All Scientific Experts Now? New Human Frontiers Series. Cambridge: Polity, 2014.
Collins, H. M., and Robert Evans. “The Third Wave of Science Studies Studies of Expertise and Experience.” Social Studies of Science 32, no. 2 (April 1, 2002): 235–96.
Collins, H. M., and Robert Evans. “King Canute Meets the Beach Boys Responses to the Third Wave.” Social Studies of Science 33, no. 3 (June 1, 2003): 435–52.
Durant, Darrin. “Collins on Experts: Gangnam Style STS: Harry Collins: Are We All Scientific Experts Now? Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2014, 140 Pp, $64.95 HB.” Metascience, October 5, 2015.
Jasanoff, Sheila. “Breaking the Waves in Science Studies Comment on H.M. Collins and Robert Evans, `The Third Wave of Science Studies’.” Social Studies of Science 33, no. 3 (June 1, 2003): 389–400.
Rip, Arie. “Constructing Expertise In a Third Wave of Science Studies?” Social Studies of Science 33, no. 3 (June 1, 2003): 419–34.
Wynne, Brian. “Seasick on the Third Wave? Subverting the Hegemony of Propositionalism Response to Collins & Evans (2002).” Social Studies of Science 33, no. 3 (June 1, 2003): 401–17.

Science and Democracy

Does science only flourish in democratic societies? How can the relationship between science and democracy be characterized from a historical, sociological or epistemological perspective? And last but not least: What about democracy in science? All these questions are raised within the interdisciplinary discourse on Science and Democracy“. The following list of readings gives you a first insight into it.

Brown, Mark B. “Science and Democracy,” July 24, 2013.
Brown, Mark B. Science in Democracy: Expertise, Institutions, and Representation. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2009.
Jasanoff, Sheila. Designs on Nature: Science and Democracy in Europe and the United States. 5. print., 1. pbk. print. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press, 2007.
Jasanoff, Sheila. “Technologies of Humility: Citizen Participation in Governing Science.” Minerva 41, no. 3 (2003): 223–44.
Macleod, Roy. “Science and Democracy: Historical Reflections on Present Discontents.” Minerva 35, no. 4 (December 1997): 369–84.

Science and Dissent

Martin, Brian. “Strategies for Alternative Science.” In The New Political Sociology of Science, edited by Scott Frickel and Kelly Moore, The University of Wisconsin Press., 272–98. Madison, Wisconsin, 2006.
Moore, Kelly. “Powered by the People. Scientific Authority in Participatory Science.” In The New Political Sociology of Science, edited by Scott Frickel and Kelly Moore, The University of Wisconsin Press., 299–323. Madison, Wisconsin, 2006.
Wiggins, Andrea, and Kevin Crowston. “From Conservation to Crowdsourcing: A Typology of Citizen Science.” In Proceedings of the 2011 44th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, 1–10. HICSS ’11. Washington, DC, USA: IEEE Computer Society, 2011.